Maintenance of Granite and Marble Floors

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Granite and marble floors are a beautiful sight to behold. Especially when you walk into a shopping centre, office tower or home.

So how long do you think that shininess will last?

We will look at some of the basics of granite and marble floor maintenance to help you understand the necessary steps to maintain that shine.

Let’s get started!

Benefits of granite and marble floors

Low Maintenance

Outside of maintaining its shine/sheen, as with most hard floors, simple dry spoilage removal and mopping will be sufficient to maintain its quality.

Easy Cleaning

Any organic spills can easily be wiped off without causing any further deterioration of granite and marble.


When granite and marble are polished and maintained well, it will give a luminous shine/sheen. This is often synonymous with elegance and high quality.


Granite and marble are naturally occurring metamorphic rocks found in the earth’s crust. They are extracted, not created, thereby reducing the chemical and carbon output into the environment. Moreover, after their intended use they can be easily recycled and reused!

Highly durable

Granite and marble are hard rocks that can withstand high forces. This is suitable for areas where there is high human traffic as it would be expected that heavy machinery or objects would not be used. 



Difficult to replace

In certain scenarios, when tiles get damaged or discoloured, as most granite and marble sets are unique in their colour and crystallisation, it can be very difficult to find a similar replacement tile to match an existing set of flooring. 

Reflect noise

Hard tiles such as granite and marble do not absorb sound waves but reflect them instead. This can result in corridors or hallways with echoes and create a noisy environment.


For a material that can offer a high-end finish to a facility, it would undoubtedly be more expensive. Granite and marble floors are the most expensive of the floor types available.

Highly reactive to acid

Marble floors contain calcium carbonate which is highly reactive to acids. Using the wrong floor cleaning chemicals can have disastrous outcomes. This can cause rapid deterioration of marble flooring resulting in its shine fading to a dull matt finish. Though granite similarly contains calcites, it can similarly lose its finishing qualities with a similar reaction with acids.


When a surface is shiny and glossy, it will ultimately be slippery as well, more so when the floor is wet. People can easily fall and injure themselves. Wet granite and marble floors can pose a health hazard without the right cleaning process in place.


How to maintain granite and marble floors?

Granite and marble floor maintenance is simple. The processes are as follows:

Dry Vacuuming

In the absence of any liquids, vacuuming will be sufficient to help collect any soiling, dust or any other loose particles, as solid materials will not be absorbed into the floor.

Wet Mopping

Liquid based cleaning such as wet mopping will help to clean up any light stains or left over spoilage on the floor. Moreover, wet mopping chemicals used that are scented will give the floor a pleasant smell.


Is deep cleaning necessary?

Deep cleaning of granite and marble floors is important to help remove any heavy dirt or light scuff marks. More importantly, it is a process known as buffing and burnishing whereby it helps to bring out the shine and sheen of the floors.

Buffing & Burnishing

Buffing refers to the polishing and the residual cleaning of floors, whereas burnishing refers to polishing floors at a high speed to produce the maximum shine. Burnishing is often done after buffing in order to achieve a wet-look shine.

As it is an intensive process, dependent on the trafficking soiling rate its maintenance frequency can range from a weekly basis to a monthly basis. 

Marble crystallisation

This method dates back to the 1960’s and has over time been phased out. It involves spraying an acid solution over the marble and buffing it with a steel wool. This forms a stronger layer of marble forming a sheet of gloss over the marble. The only way to remove this is to mechanically shave the top layer of the calcium. However, due to the acidic content it will eventually cause the marble to lose strength after each successive crystallisation and will eventually deteriorate the quality of the marble over time.


Granite and marble floors are beautiful choices for any facility. Certain precautions need to be taken in order to make sure their life expectancy is prolonged as long as possible and maintaining an appearance that is fresh. But using the wrong methods and chemicals can result in disastrous outcomes.

Call Titan Cleaning & Hygiene services now to get our services to keep your granite and marble flooring luminous!

Darren van Es